Door still standing in the remains of a wall in Angkor Thom, the last and most enduring capital city of the Khmer empire.
The city of Angkor Thom was founded by Angkor’s greatest king, Jayavarman VII (reigned 1181-1219) and was the centre of his massive building programme. He began with existing structures such as Baphuon and Phimeanakas and built a grand enclosed city around them, adding the outer wall/moat. He then constructed some of Angkor’s greatest temples including his state-temple, Bayon, set at the center of the city. There are five entrances (gates) to the city, one for each cardinal point, and the victory gate leading to the Royal Palace area. Each gate is crowned with 4 giant faces.
At its height, Angkor Thom may have governed a population of one million people in the surrounding area.